Obsidian is a block found in all dimensions or created when water flows over a lava source. It has high hardness and blast resistance, rendering it immune to normal explosions. Obsidian is used for crafting and to make the frame for a nether portal. It can only be obtained by mining it with a Diamond or Netherite Pickaxe.
Obsidian drops itself only when mined with a diamond or netherite pickaxe; otherwise, it drops nothing.
- ↑ Times are for unenchanted tools as wielded by players with no status effects, measured in seconds. For more information, see Breaking § Speed.
Enchanting a pickaxe with Efficiency and using a beacon with Haste both drastically decrease the mining time. See the obsidian farming tutorial for more information.
8 obsidian are dropped by an ender chest when broken without Silk Touch.
Obsidian is one of the two blocks an end crystal can be placed on; the other is bedrock.
Obsidian generates naturally in all dimensions:
- Obsidian generates in woodland mansions with a diamond block concealed by it. These are found in the secret "obsidian room" and "lava room", on the 2nd or 3rd floors.
- Obsidian generates as part of ruined portals.
- Obsidian generates in sufficiently deep ravines and caves where water meets lava source blocks.
- A single obsidian block generates in some types of ocean ruin buildings.
- The Nether: Obsidian generates as part of ruined portals.
- The End:
- Solid obsidian pillars can be found on the End's main island, generating all the way down to Y=0.
- Obsidian generates as a part of the end ship in end cities.
Obsidian is formed when flowing water touches a lava source block, and it can be found naturally where water from a spring or lake has flowed over a nearby lava pool. Lava is renewable, so obsidian is renewable.
Obsidian is created when a nether portal is generated in the Nether or the Overworld. This portal can then be mined, providing another way of obtaining obsidian renewably.
In Java Edition, if the nether portal generated floating in the air, then 4 extra obsidian are created at the bottom of the portal.
When a player enters the End, it will always spawn on a platform of 25 obsidian blocks. This platform can then be mined, and gets regenerated when an entity (only in pre-1.9/1.16) enters the End, which provides another way of obtaining obsidian renewably. Obsidian pillars also regenerate when the ender dragon respawns.
|Obsidian||Bastion remnant||Generic chest||4–6||24.4%|
|Obsidian||Bastion remnant||Generic chest||4–6||24.4%|
Piglins may barter a block of obsidian when given a gold ingot with a chance of 8.71%.
Obsidian is useful for building explosion-resistant structures as it has, along with anvils and netherite blocks, a blast resistance of 1,200; the highest of all blocks obtainable in Survival mode (together with crying obsidian and block of netherite). Obsidian also cannot be destroyed by the ender dragon. However, ender dragons can traverse obsidian blocks without destroying them.
These qualities make obsidian an extremely effective defensive block, and it is commonly used in many bases in multiplayer servers as protection from griefers.
Obsidian is, however, not immune to the wither. Although black wither skulls has merely the explosive power of a ghast fireball, blue wither skulls ignore blast resistance, which means they can destroy obsidian. The wither's body can also destroy obsidian, either through block-breaking behavior upon taking damage, or its dash attack[Bedrock Edition only]. The wither is the only mob in the game that can break obsidian.
End crystals can be placed on top of obsidian, which can be useful in PvP combat, or just as decoration.
Obsidian is used to create a nether portal frame, which is then ignited using fire. The frame must be a vertical rectangle any size from 4×5 to 23×23. The corners of the frame are not required for an operational portal.
Nether Star +
|Enchanting Table||Book +
|Ender Chest||Obsidian +
Eye of Ender
Obsidian can be placed under note blocks to produce "bass drum" sounds.
Obsidian cannot be pushed by pistons. It also cannot be pushed nor pulled by sticky pistons.
|Sound||Subtitles||Source||Description||Resource location||Translation key||Volume||Pitch||Attenuation|
|Block broken||Blocks||Once the block has broken||1.0||0.8||16|
|Block placed||Blocks||When the block is placed||1.0||0.8||16|
|Block breaking||Blocks||While the block is in the process of being broken||0.25||0.5||16|
|None[sound 1]||Entity-Dependent||Falling on the block with fall damage||None[sound 1]||0.5||0.75||16|
|Footsteps||Entity-Dependent||Walking on the block||0.15||1.0||16|
|Blocks||Once the block has broken||1.0||0.8-1.0|
|Blocks||When the block is placed||1.0||0.8-1.0|
|Blocks||While the block is in the process of being broken||0.37||0.5|
|Players||Falling on the block with fall damage||0.4||1.0|
|Players||Walking on the block||0.3||1.0|
|Players||Jumping from the block||0.12||1.0|
|Players||Falling on the block without fall damage||0.22||1.0|
|Name||Identifier||Form||Block tags||Translation key|
|Obsidian||Block & Item|
|Name||Identifier||Numeric ID||Form||Item ID[i 1]||Translation key|
|Obsidian||Block & Giveable Item[i 2]||Identical[i 3]|
|Icon||Achievement||In-game description||Actual requirements (if different)||Gamerscore earned||Trophy type (PS4)|
|Into The Nether||Construct a Nether Portal.||Light a nether portal.||30G||Bronze|
|Enchanter||Construct an Enchantment Table.||Pick up an enchantment table from a crafting table output.||20G||Bronze|
|Icon||Advancement||In-game description||Parent||Actual requirements (if different)||Resource location|
|Ice Bucket Challenge||Obtain a block of obsidian||Hot Stuff||Have a block of obsidian in your inventory.|
|We Need to Go Deeper||Build, light and enter a Nether Portal||Ice Bucket Challenge||Enter the Nether dimension.|
|Enchanter||Enchant an item at an Enchantment Table||Diamonds!||Insert an item in an enchanting table, then apply an enchantment.|
|Java Edition Classic|
|Obsidian is extremely tough to break and drops one cobblestone block when broken.|
|Java Edition Infdev|
|20100227||Added the obsidian wall, which marks the X and Z axes, intersecting at 0,0. This creates two intersecting planes extending just above the surface of the solid material that surrounds them.|
|20100313||The obsidian wall has been removed.|
|20100617-2||Obsidian is now created when water touches a lava source.|
|20100618||Obsidian now drops itself when broken.|
|Obsidian's explosion resistance increased. Before this, obsidian had the same blast resistance as stone.|
|Java Edition Alpha|
|v1.0.14||Obsidian made indestructible to TNT.|
|v1.2.0||preview||Introduced the nether portal, made using obsidian, which also makes obsidian renewable.|
|However, since diamond pickaxes are not yet renewable, obsidian cannot be fully renewably obtained.|
|Java Edition Beta|
|1.8||Pre-release||Obsidian can be moved by endermen.|
|1.0.0||Beta 1.9 Prerelease||Obsidian can no longer be moved by endermen.|
|Beta 1.9 Prerelease 3||The enchantment table has been introduced, which is crafted using obsidian.|
|Beta 1.9 Prerelease 4||Introduced the End, with obsidian platform and obsidian pillars.|
|Beta 1.9 Prerelease 6||Obsidian mining time has been decreased from 15 to 2.5 seconds.|
|RC1||Obsidian mining time has been increased from 2.5 to 9.4 seconds.|
|1.1||12w01a||Obsidian can now be found in village blacksmith chests.|
|1.3.1||12w21a||The ender chest has been introduced, which is crafted using obsidian.|
|As diamond pickaxes can now be purchased from blacksmith villagers, obsidian is now renewable.|
|1.4.2||12w36a||The beacon block has now received a crafting recipe, which uses obsidian.|
|12w38a||The wither's blue wither skull projectile has been introduced, which produces a special explosion that can destroy obsidian.|
|1.7.2||13w36a||Obsidian can now be destroyed with explosives by summoning a fireball with custom data.|
|1.8||14w25a||An infinite obsidian glitch (MC-4239, allowing conversion of redstone into obsidian) has been fixed during the implementation of the new block metadata format.|
|14w30a||Obsidian can now be found inside chests in nether fortresses.|
|1.9||15w31a||Obsidian now generates as part of the end cities.|
|15w43a||The obsidian yield from nether fortress chests has been slightly decreased.|
|1.11||16w39a||Obsidian now generates in woodland mansions.|
|July 18, 2017||Jeb tweets an image of an updated obsidian texture.|
|July 19, 2017||Jeb tweets an image of an updated obsidian texture.|
|July 11, 2018||Jasper Boerstra tweets an image of an updated obsidian texture.|
|?||This texture of obsidian was shown at some point (not in game).|
|1.13||17w47a||Prior to The Flattening, this block's numeral ID was 49.|
|18w09a||Obsidian now generates in some underwater ruins.|
|1.14||18w43a||The texture of obsidian has been changed.|
|18w44a||The texture of obsidian has been changed, once again.|
|1.16||20w07a||Obsidian has a 1⁄109 (~0.92%) chance of being offered by piglins when bartering, in a stack size of 1.|
|20w09a||Obsidian now has a 10⁄113 (~8.85%) chance of being offered by piglins when bartering, in a stack size of 1–5.|
|20w10a||Obsidian now has a 40⁄411 (~9.73%) chance of being offered by piglins when bartering, in a stack size of 1.|
|20w11a||Obsidian now has a 40⁄417 (~9.59%) chance of being offered by piglins when bartering, in a stack size of 1.|
|20w13a||Obsidian now has a 40⁄424 (~9.43%) chance of being offered by piglins when bartering, in a stack size of 1.|
|20w16a||Obsidian now generates in bastion remnants chests.|
|Obsidian can now spawn as part of ruined portals or be found in its chests.|
|20w20a||Obsidian now has a 40⁄423 (~9.46%) chance of being offered by piglins when bartering, in a stack size of 1.|
|1.16.2||20w28a||Obsidian now has a 40⁄459 (~8.71%) chance of being offered by piglins when bartering, in a stack size of 1.|
|20w30a||The chance of finding obsidian in bastion remnant chests has been decreased from 31.5% to 24.4%.|
|Pocket Edition Alpha|
|v0.5.0||Glowing obsidian has been added, which drops a block of regular obsidian when mined.|
|The newly added nether reactor structure generates a "spire" of obsidian when activated.|
|v0.6.0||The "spires" generated by nether reactors are now made of netherrack, instead of obsidian.|
|v0.9.0||build 1||Obsidian can now be found in villages within blacksmith chests.|
|v0.12.1||build 1||Obsidian can now be used to form nether portals.|
|Obsidian is now used to craft enchantment tables.|
|v0.13.0||build 2||Obsidian now requires 6.5 seconds to mine, rather than 3.|
|v0.16.0||build 4||Obsidian is now used to craft beacons.|
|The wither's "blue wither skull" projectile has been introduced, which produces a special explosion that can destroy obsidian.|
|1.0.0||alpha 0.17.0.1||Obsidian is now used to craft ender chests and end crystals.|
|Obsidian now generates naturally in the End as obsidian platforms, obsidian pillars and some parts of end ships in end cities.|
|1.1.0||alpha 184.108.40.206||Obsidian now generates in woodland mansions.|
|1.4.0||beta 220.127.116.11||Obsidian now generates in some underwater ruins.|
|1.10.0||beta 18.104.22.168||The texture of obsidian has been changed.|
|Obsidian can now be found in village weaponsmith chests.|
|1.16.0||beta 22.214.171.124||Obsidian can now be obtained from bartering.|
|?||Obsidian breaking time is now 6.2 seconds instead of 9.6 seconds.|
|beta 126.96.36.199||Obsidian now has a 10⁄106 (9.43%) chance of being offered by piglins when bartering, in a stack size of 1.|
|Obsidian now be found in bastion remnants chests.|
|Obsidian can now generate as part of ruined portals and can be found in its chests.|
|Legacy Console Edition|
|TU1||CU1||1.0||Patch 1||1.0.1||Added obsidian.|
|1.90||The texture of obsidian has been changed.|
|New Nintendo 3DS Edition|
Issues relating to "Obsidian" are maintained on the bug tracker. Report issues there.
- Obsidian is one of the hardest blocks to destroy in Minecraft. In reality, obsidian has characteristics similar to glass, being a brittle material.
- Geologically, obsidian is a volcanic glass that forms when lava is flash-cooled. It is the only igneous rock that's glassy.
- 71.25 times the explosive power of TNT would be required to destroy a block of obsidian; however, additional TNT increases the blast radius, not explosive power. It is possible to
/summonan explosion strong enough to destroy obsidian.
Obsidian as used to shield from explosions.
A naturally generated obsidian wall from Infdev.
A comparison between glowing obsidian (left), crying obsidian (middle), and regular obsidian (right).
- "Block of the Week: Obsidian" by Alex Wiltshire. Minecraft.net, January 27, 2017
- Jasper Boerstra's tweet on the difficulties of giving Minecraft obsidian a proper texture